The Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Need, chaired by Senator George McGovern, developed the forerunner of the food pyramid in the mid-1970s. The McGovern Report, titled “Dietary Goals of the United States,” was completely manufactured. At the time, there was a low-fat guru named Nathan Pritikin, and McGovern was completely sold on his views. McGovern knew he wanted the study to highlight the benefits of a low-fat diet, so he gave the paper to a young vegetarian senate employee with no experience in science or nutrition.
Americans already felt that sugars and carbohydrates were not dangerous before the McGovern Report was issued. It was recently revealed that the Sugar Research Foundation bribed Harvard academics to publish a study in 1967 claiming that fat, not sugar, was the cause of heart disease. The study was published in the New England Journal of Medicine, and the notion that fat was a deadly spread from there.
Why Are Carbs Evil?
Carbohydrates are classified into three types: sugars, starches, and fibers.
Sugars – During digestion, the body converts complex sugars (disaccharides) like sucrose and lactose into simple sugars (monosaccharides like glucose and fructose). Simple sugars are tiny molecules that may be taken directly by the body and used as a fast energy source.
Starches – Starches, also known as complex carbohydrates, are lengthy molecular chains (polysaccharides) that the body must break down into simple sugars in order to utilise them.
Fiber – The body is incapable of extracting anything from fibre. It goes through since it cannot be broken down during digestion.
Because complex carbs take longer to break down into sugars, the sugars are delivered more slowly into the circulation and do not produce a blood sugar rise. Furthermore, meals strong in complex carbohydrates—whole grains, legumes, and starchy vegetables—contain fibre, which helps keep blood sugar levels from skyrocketing. Fiber also helps to preserve gut health by regulating cholesterol levels.
When you eat simple carbohydrates like sugar, cookies, or candy, your body quickly turns them to glucose, causing your blood sugar to rise. The rise in blood sugar raises the level of insulin, a hormone that transports sugar to the cells for use as energy. Insulin is generated by the pancreas.
How Extra Carbs & Sugar Affect Your Body
When you ingest more carbs than you can require, the excess is stored as fat and can be used later. The elevated insulin levels caused by the blood sugar surge encourage a faster rate of fat accumulation.
The extra glucose enters a conversion process, resulting in the formation of triglyceride molecules. The bulk of body fat is composed of triglycerides, which may be turned back into glucose by the liver if necessary.
When the demand to convert triglycerides into glucose is not met, triglycerides can accumulate in the circulation, increasing the risk of heart disease.
Furthermore, continuous blood sugar increases impair cells’ capacity to absorb and utilise blood sugar for energy. To compensate for the poor rate of absorption, the pancreas will begin to work harder to create more insulin. The pressure on the pancreas over time reduces its capacity to generate insulin, resulting in type 2 diabetes.
In conclusion, eating too much sugar can trigger:
- Result in an increase in blood sugar levels
- Induce an increase in insulin production
- Increase the rate of fat accumulation by causing insulin to rise.
- Excess sugar should be turned into triglycerides.
- Triglycerides accumulate in the circulation, raising the risk of heart disease.
Excess sugars and simple carbs not only pack on the pounds, but they also raise the chance of dying young from heart disease or diabetes.
Because food producers include sugar in almost everything, lowering your sugar intake might be difficult. Thankfully, Sugar Fighter stevia sweetener products exist, which have a zero glycemic index and have no effect on blood sugar levels. Stevia, a sugar substitute, can be used in meals, beverages, and recipes. You already know how carbohydrates can harm you, read our previous blog Top Reasons Why Sugar Is Your Biggest Enemy to learn how sugar can harm you.